|One of the many nicknames for walleye is "yellow pike." Walleye have
also been called been called "Susquehanna salmon" and even "pickerel." All these nicknames
put it in the wrong fish family - walleye are neither a pike cousin nor a salmon. It's the biggest,
toothiest member of the perch family.
The name "walleye" refers
to the fish's large, milky eye that looks luminous when light is shined on it. The eye has a reflecting membrane behind
the retina, which causes this effect. The species name "vitreum"
means "glassy," and refers to the appearance of the eye.
Walleyes are native to central North America and Canada, including the Ohio River and Great Lakes drainages. A popular
sport fish and table fare, they have been extensively stocked - including in this state. In Pennsylvania
they are now found throughout the state. Walleye are often the top predator fish in their habitat, eating other fishes,
as well as frogs, crayfish, and large insect larvae. Although they can be caught at any time of day, night fishing
or fishing the dim depths with live bait or fish imitation lures and jigs is effective for catching walleyes.